The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the largest cats
Leo owes the nickname “king of the animals” appearance of his dense mane. The natural environment of the second largest (after the tiger) cat are dry areas of the South African savannah. Lions can, however, also meet in … India.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Carnivora
- Suborder: Feliformia
- Family: Felidae
- Subfamily: Pantherinae
- Genus: Panthera
- Species: Panthera leo
Best-known large predator
This animal is undoubtedly the best-known large predator. Still on the functions of the lion’s mane still circulates many hypotheses. It is most likely to give signals within the flock, it can also protect the neck from getting hurt during fights with other animals.
Lions have extremely massive physique, which, coupled with high efficiency makes them the most perfect terrestrial predators. The jaws of the giant cats are perfectly suited for catching and killing prey, and very large canines can easily pierce the body of the victim. Lions are very clever, so they often feed on other predators’ prey.
Lions during the hunt for large animals run in a group. A herd may in fact encircle prey and pursue it, while a single hunter has far fewer opportunities. Lion hunting alone could not overcome a buffalo.
The hunt usually takes place at night. Lions silently sneak up on prey. When they are close enough, in a few jumps they catch up a victim, grabbing it by the neck. A moment later it’s over. While sharing the booty, obtaining a strict hierarchy. Lions eat first, then lionesses and finally young lions.
The lions’ victims are mostly, readily panic ungulates animals, such as wildebeest and zebra. Sometimes, the lions also hunt for wild boar, deer, African buffalo and … pets. Old and decrepit animals sometimes attack people.
Groups of female lions typically hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates.
Due to the ease of breeding in captivity, lions are often found in zoos and circuses. Sometimes it is necessary to restrict their reproduction.
Detailed data / size
Lion (Panthera leo)
- Length of body: up to 3 m
- Height: up to 1.1 m
- Weight: up to 280 kg
- Length of life: in the wild – 20 years, in captivity – 30 years.
Lion – curiosities
- Lions see well in all conditions. Their eyes quickly adjust to changes in light.
- Giant lions lived in Europe and Siberia during the Ice Age.
- Adult lion has to eat 7 kg of meat a day.
- Lions are the only cats living in a herd.
- Lions sleep up to 12 hours a day.