CretaceousDinosaursJurassicPredatoryTop 10Triassic

The largest pterosaurs – Top 10

Pterosaurs with largest wingspan – Top 10

Pterosaurs were flying reptiles but not flying dinosaurs. They lived 162 mln years from the late Triassic to the end of the Cretaceous Period – 228 to 66 million years ago. Pterosaurs were the earliest vertebrates known to have evolved powered flight. Their wings were formed by a membrane of skin, muscle, and other tissues stretching from the ankles to a incredible lengthened fourth finger.

Pterosaurs spanned a wide range of adult sizes, from the very small Nemicolopterus (with a wingspan of about 250 mm (10 in)) to the largest known flying creatures of all time, including Quetzalcoatlus and Hatzegopteryx.

 

The largest pterosaurs – update year 2022

 

RankPterosaurWingspan [m]Wingspan [ft]
1Hatzegopteryx thambema10.0032.81
2Quetzalcoatlus northropi10.0032.81
3Arambourgiania philadelphiae9.3030.51
4Cryodrakon boreas9.2030.18
5Thanatosdrakon amaru8.6028.22
6Tropeognathus mesembrinus8.3027.23
7Tupandactylus imperator7.5024.61
8Nicorhynchus capito7.4024.28
9Geosternbergia maysei7.2023.62
10Uktenadactylus wadleighi6.7021.98
11Barbaridactylus grandis6.6021.65
12Thapunngaka shawi6.5021.33
13“Anhanguera” robustus6.4021.00
14Pteranodon longiceps6.4021.00
15Aralazhdarcho bostobensis6.3020.67
16Iberodactylus andreui6.3020.67
17“Pricesaurus megalodon”6.3020.67
18Volgadraco bogolubovi6.3020.67
19Maaradactylus kellneri6.2020.34
20Pteranodon ingens6.1020.01
21Alanqa saharica6.0019.69
22Coloborhynchus clavirostris6.0019.69
23Maaradactylus spielbergi5.9019.36
24Aerotitan sudamericanus5.8019.03
25Uktenadactylus rodriguesae5.7018.70
26Albadraco tharmisensis5.5018.04
27Amblydectes crassidens5.5018.04
28Mythunga camara5.5018.04
29Geosternbergia sternbergi5.4017.72
30Quetzalcoatlus lawsoni5.4017.72
31Anhanguera piscator5.2017.06
32Pterodactylus woodwardi5.2017.06
33Liaoningopterus gui5.0016.40
34Phosphatodraco mauritanicus5.0016.40
35Pteranodon umbrosus5.0016.40
36Tethydraco regalis5.0016.40
37Araripedactylus dehmi4.9016.08
38Santanadactylus brasilensis4.9016.08
39Simurghia robusta4.8015.75
40“Anhanguera” araripensis4.7015.42
41Anhanguera blittersdorffi4.6015.09
42“Anhanguera” santanae4.6015.09
43Arthurdactylus conandoylei4.6015.09
44Dawndraco kanzai4.6015.09
45Siroccopteryx moroccensis4.5014.76
46Afrotapejara zouhri4.4014.44
47Bogolubovia orientalis4.3014.11
48Istiodactylus latidens4.3014.11
49Pteranodon velox4.3014.11
50Alamodactylus byrdi4.2013.78

 

Previous statements

The largest pterosaurs – update year 2018

 

NoPterosaurWingspan [m]
61Piksi barbarulna                     1.0
60“Ornithocheirus” bunzeli                     1.5
59Hell Creek pteranodontian                     1.5
58Nyctosauridae KJ1                     1.7
57Alcione sp.                     1.8
56Nyctosauridae KJ2                     2.0
55Alcione (small morph)                     2.1
54DPP small azhdarchid (TMP 1982.16.303, humerus)                     2.4
53Pui Beds Azhdarchid                     2.4
52Alcione elainus                     2.4
51Montanazhdarcho minor                     2.5
50Lance Formation azhdarchid                     2.5
49Kaiparowits Azhdarchid                     2.8
48Nyctosaurus bonneri (FHSM 2148)                     2.9
47Eurazhdarcho langendorfensis                     3.0
46Fox-Amphoux azhdarchid                     3.0
45Iharkut azhdarchid                     3.3
44Lano azhdarchid                     3.3
43Zhejiangopterus linhaiensis                     3.5
42Navajodactylus boeri                     3.5
41Bogolubovia orientalis                     3.5
40Bakonydraco galaczi                     3.8
39DPP medium azhdarchid (TMP 87.36.16, metacarpal IV)                     3.8
38Miria formation azhdarchid                     3.8
37Nyctosaurus gracilis (YPM 2395)                     3.9
36Barbaridactylus grandis                     4.0
35Nyctosaurus lamegoi                     4.0
34Hell Creek azhdarchid MPM 8075                     4.2
33Saratov Azhdarchid                     4.3
32DPP medium azdarchid (TMP 1992.83.4;                     4.5
31aff. Quetzalcoatlus                     4.6
30Pteranodon longiceps                     4.9
29Tethydraco                     5.0
28Dawndraco kanzai                     5.0
27Phosphatodraco mauritanicus                     5.0
26Quetzalcoatlus sp                     5.0
25Jordanian azhdarchid                     5.0
24Unnamed Transylvanian Taxon                     5.0
23Simurghia robustus                     5.0
22Geosternbergia sternbergi                     5.3
21La Solana azhdarchid                     5.5
20YPM-PU 16619                     5.7
19Volgadraco bogolubovi                     5.7
18Javelina azhdarchid TMM 42489                     5.8
17Merchantville pteranodontid                     5.9
16Two Medicine azhdarchid (YPM-PU 22446)                     5.9
15Aralazhdarcho bostobensis                     6.3
14DPP  large azhdarchid (1992.83.01, wing metacarpal)                     6.6
13Hokkaido pteranodontid                     6.8
12Pteranodon longiceps                     6.9
11DPP large azhdarchid (TMP 1989.36.254, cervical)                     7.4
10Merignon azhdarchid                     8.5
9Sidi Chennane Giant                     9.0
8Hell Creek Azhdarchid                     9.8
7Transylvania giant azhdarchid                   10.0
6Quetzalcoatlus northropi                   10.1
5Hatzegopteryx thambema                   10.5
4Top Bozes Formation/ Petresti Giant Azhdarchid                   10.5
3Sebes Formation / Rapa Rosie azhdarchid                   10.5
2Nemegt Azhdarchid                   11.0
1Arambourgiania philadelphiae                   12.5

 

 The oldest statement (2015 AD)

 

  1. Arambourgiania philadelphiae 7–13 m (23–43 ft)
  2. Hatzegopteryx thambema 10–11 m (33–36 ft)
  3. Quetzalcoatlus northropi 10–11 m (33–36 ft)
  4. Undescribed specimen from Mongolia 10 m (33 ft)
  5. Undescribed specimen UNCUYO-LD 350 9.1 m (30 ft)
  6. Tropeognathus mesembrinus 8.2 m (27 ft)
  7. Geosternbergia maysei 7.25 m (24 ft)
  8. Coloborhynchus capito 7 m (23 ft)
  9. Moganopterus zhuiana 7 m (23 ft)
  10. Pteranodon longiceps 6.25 m (20.5 ft)
  11. Tupuxuara longicristatus 6 m (20 ft)
  12. Santanadactylus araripensis 5.7 m (19 ft)
  13. Cearadactylus atrox 5.5 m (18 ft)
  14. Caulkicephalus trimicrodon 5 m (16 ft)
  15. Istiodactylus latidens 5 m (16 ft)
  16. Lacusovagus magnificens 5 m (16 ft)
  17. Liaoningopterus gui 5 m (16 ft)
  18. Phosphatodraco mauritanicus 5 m (16 ft)

 

Quetzalcoatlus
Quetzalcoatlus size comparison vs human and giraffe.

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