03 07 2017


The largest eagles – Top 10

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23 February 2015

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Edited: 29 September 2016

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7 comments

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Category: Africa / America N / America S / Animals / Asia / Australia / Birds / Eagles / Europe / Raptors / Top 1 / Top 10

The largest eagles – Top 10

The biggest eagles – Top 10

Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey, with a heavy head, beak and large wingspan. Due to the size and power, eagles are ranked at the top of the food chain as apex predators in the avian world. The eagles are some of the largest birds of prey: only the condors, some of vultures, pelicans, marabou storks and some cranes are larger.

Eagle’s size, dimensions

Eagles as other birds could be measured variously:

  • in total length
  • body mass
  • wingspan
Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)

Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi).

Which is the largest eagle in the world?

Different lifestyle needs among various eagles result in variable measurements from species to species. Many forest-dwelling eagles, including Harpy and Philippine eagles, have relatively short wingspans, a feature necessary for being able to maneuver in quick, short bursts through dense forested habitats.

On the other hand, eagles which are found almost strictly in open country have relatively long wings for their size – White-tailed eagle or Golden eagle.

Below you can find lists of the top five eagles going on weight, length and wingspan. The figures listed are the median, not maximum.

Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).

The largest eagles in the world – Top 10

The heaviest eagles

  1. Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) – 6.7 kg (15 lb) / max: 9 kg (20 lb)
  2. Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) – 6.35 kg (14 lb) / max: 8 kg (18 lb)
  3. Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) – 5.95 kg (13.1 lb) / max: 9 kg (20 lb)
  4. White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) – 4.8 kg (11 lb) / max: 7.5 kg (17 lb)
  5. Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) – 4.6 kg (10 lb) / max: 6.2 kg (13.7 lb)

 

Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).

The longest eagles

  1. Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) – 100 cm (3ft 3in) / max: 112 cm (3ft 8in)
  2. Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) – 95.5 cm (3ft 2in) / max: 107 cm (3ft 6in)
  3. Wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax) – 95.5 cm (3ft 2in) / max: 106 cm (3ft 6 in)
  4. Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) – 95 cm (3ft 1in) / max: 105 cm (3ft 5in)
  5. Crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus) – 87.5 cm (2ft 10in) / max: 99 cm (3ft 3in)

 

Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja)

Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja).

Eagles with the largest wingspan

  1. White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) – 218.5 cm (7ft 2in) / max: 253 cm (8.3 ft)
  2. Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) – 212.5 cm (7 ft) / max: 250 cm (8ft 2in)
  3. Wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax) – 210 cm (6ft 11in) / max: 284 cm (9ft 4in)
  4. Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) 207 cm (6ft 9in) / max: 281 cm (9ft 3in)
  5. Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) – 206.5 cm (6ft 9in) / max: 260 cm (8 ft 6in)

 

Steller's sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus)

Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus).

Data

The figures listed above are the median reported for each measurement in the guide Raptors of the World in which only measurements that could be personally verified by the authors were listed.

Why eagles are unique?

The eagles have at least one singular characteristic. Most birds of prey look back over their shoulders before striking prey (or shortly thereafter); predation is after all a two-edged sword. All hawks seem to have this habit, from the smallest kestrel to the largest Ferruginous – but not the Eagles. Eagles, as befits the true kings of the sky, do not look back.

White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)

White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla).

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(7) Readers Comments

  1. vicky
    13 December 2015 at 16:34

    I have always adored and admired these magnificent creatures. Birds of prey are truly awe inspiring.

  2. Vick
    24 January 2016 at 06:14

    I love eagles, they are extraordinary, majestic and proud birds. I admire their strength and nieustarszoność. They are the kings of the skies …

  3. Arthur Blakemore
    22 February 2016 at 11:36

    I wish to correct this article. In the paragraph ‘Which is the largest eagle in the world?’
    White tailed eagle is included in Aquila together with Golden eagle when it is actually in Haliaeetus.

    • DinoAnimals.com
      22 February 2016 at 16:47

      Of course, you are right. Thank you.

  4. Molly and nina
    24 April 2016 at 12:05

    I love all these pictures,absolutely stunning.*awesome*

  5. Geralyn
    13 May 2016 at 17:50

    Beautiful!

  6. Idiothawk
    22 February 2017 at 00:57

    such a strange way to class the largeness of eagles. weight??! seriously that is just lazy to assume that weight makes a larger eagle.. weight and mass are very different factors.
    using the medium of total highest wing span? are you trying to push a specific eagle you think personally is a bigger eagle? people wanted to know which was the largest there is, by maximum recorded information not overall by medium values. i cant help feel the way you laid out the information is bias. the wedge tailed eagle has a maximum recorded wing span of 9 feet 4 inches.. that is the largest wingspan of any predatory bird living ever recorded. no matter how much a white tailed eagle grows or lives it will never have a wingspan of 9 feet 4 inches. so to give it a number 1 slot is just a cheat too the system of measurement.

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