The biggest eagles – Top 10
Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey, with a heavy head, beak and large wingspan. Due to the size and power, eagles are ranked at the top of the food chain as apex predators in the avian world. The eagles are some of the largest birds of prey: only the condors, some of vultures, pelicans, marabou storks and some cranes are larger.
Eagle’s size, dimensions
Eagles as other birds could be measured variously:
- in total length
- body mass
Which is the largest eagle in the world?
Different lifestyle needs among various eagles result in variable measurements from species to species. Many forest-dwelling eagles, including harpy and Philippine eagles, have relatively short wingspans, a feature necessary for being able to maneuver in quick, short bursts through dense forested habitats.
On the other hand, eagles which are found almost strictly in open country have relatively long wings for their size – White-tailed eagle or Golden eagle.
Below you can find lists of the top five eagles going on weight, length and wingspan. The figures listed are the median, not maximum.
The largest eagles in the world – Top 10
The heaviest eagles
- Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) – 6.7 kg (15 lb) / max: 9 kg (20 lb)
- Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) – 6.35 kg (14 lb) / max: 8 kg (18 lb)
- Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) – 5.95 kg (13.1 lb) / max: 9 kg (20 lb)
- White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) – 4.8 kg (11 lb) / max: 7.5 kg (17 lb)
- Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) – 4.6 kg (10 lb) / max: 6.2 kg (13.7 lb)
The longest eagles
- Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) – 100 cm (3ft 3in) / max: 112 cm (3ft 8in)
- Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) – 95.5 cm (3ft 2in) / max: 107 cm (3ft 6in)
- Wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax) – 95.5 cm (3ft 2in) / max: 106 cm (3ft 6 in)
- Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) – 95 cm (3ft 1in) / max: 105 cm (3ft 5in)
- Crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus) – 87.5 cm (2ft 10in) / max: 99 cm (3ft 3in)
Eagles with the largest wingspan
- White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) – 218.5 cm (7ft 2in) / max: 253 cm (8.3 ft)
- Steller’s sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) – 212.5 cm (7 ft) / max: 250 cm (8ft 2in)
- Wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila audax) – 210 cm (6ft 11in) / max: 284 cm (9ft 4in)
- Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) 207 cm (6ft 9in) / max: 281 cm (9ft 3in)
- Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) – 206.5 cm (6ft 9in) / max: 260 cm (8 ft 6in)
The figures listed above are the median reported for each measurement in the guide Raptors of the World in which only measurements that could be personally verified by the authors were listed.
Why eagles are unique?
The eagles have at least one singular characteristic. Most birds of prey look back over their shoulders before striking prey (or shortly thereafter); predation is after all a two-edged sword. All hawks seem to have this habit, from the smallest kestrel to the largest Ferruginous – but not the Eagles. Eagles, as befits the true kings of the sky, do not look back.
- Largest and most powerful birds of prey – Top 10
- Haast’s eagle
- Golden eagle
- Bald eagle
- White-tailed eagle
- Wedge-tailed eagle
- Steller’s sea eagle
- Crowned eagle
- Verreaux’s eagle – black eagle
- Imperial eagle
- Steppe eagle
- Bearded vulture
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