24 02 2017


Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Author:

|

9 February 2016

|

Edited: 12 April 2016

|

0 comments

|

Category: Animals / Asia / Mammals / Tigers / Wild cats

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Everyone knows Bengal, Siberian or Sumatran tigers, and if they don’t, they at least have heard about them. However, only few people know that there is a bit more of tiger subspecies. Today we are presenting critically endangered subspecies of tiger – Malayan tiger – that systematically lose their battle for life with people…

Tigers have been losing their fight for survival for years, finding themselves on the verge of extinction. Although each subspecies has a different situation regarding its population, none of them can feel safe.

How long are we going to be able to admire these big and dignified cats – we don’t know. But we know that people bear the greatest responsibility for their endangerment.

Classification

  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Felidae
  • Genus: Panthera
  • Species: Tiger (P. tigris)
  • Subspecies: Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)
Malayan tigers (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Malayan tigers (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Occurrence and habitats

Tigers from the southern part of the Malay Peninsula are the neighbors of those living in the northern part of Thailand, but the territorial distribution of the Indochinese and Malayan subspecies is unknown.

In Singapore, tigers were completely wiped out in 1950s, but between 1991 and 2003 some traces, that could have been of a tiger, were found in non-forest regions of Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang and Johor.

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Characteristics

Appearance

There are no clear differences between the Malayan and Indochinese subspecies in terms of the skull appearance and fur coloration.

It seems to be smaller than the Bengal tiger; the average body length with tail of a male is 259 cm (8ft 6.0in), and of a female – 239 cm (7ft 10in). The height at shoulders is: males: 61-114 cm (24 – 45 in), females: 58-104 cm (23 – 41 in).

Diet

It mostly feeds on the sambar deer, muntjacs, boars, Bornean bearded pigs, sun bears, young elephants and rhinoceroses. However, it is unknown if it could hunt an adult gaur or a tapir. It sometimes feeds on livestock, but it also decreases the population of the boar, that has been considered detrimental for crops and agricultural areas.

Studies have shown that in the regions where there are no large predators such as tigers or leopards, the population of the boar is 10 times bigger than in places where they can be the prey of the big cats.

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Sad statistics – endangered tigers

The Malayan tiger is also endangered – in the 1950s the population was estimated at 3000 adult individuals. In 1990 – about 500, in 2013 about 250 – 340 tigers. However, the number of the tigers in the wild has been decreasing. In 2015 wild population of mature Malayan tigers was estimated to 80 – 120 individuals by The IUCN Red List.

Detailed information and size

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

  • Body length wit tail: males: 190 – 280 cm (75 – 112 in), females: 180 – 260 cm (70 – 103 in)
  • Height at shoulders: males: 61 – 114 cm (24 – 45 in), females: 58 – 104 cm (23 – 41 in)
  • Weight: males: 120 kg (265 lb), females: 100 kg (220 lb)
  • Lifespan: 15 – 20 years (in captivity longer than in the wild)
Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Malayan tigers – interesting facts

  • Until recently, the Malayan tiger has been classed as the Indochinese subspecies, but it has changed after DNA tests.
  • In the Malayan language the tiger is referred to as harimau or rimau.
  • The Malayan tiger is the national animal of Malaysia. Two tigers are shown as supporters in the Coat of Arms of this country, they are also a part of the logo of the Royal Malaysia Police, Maybank, Proton (a company producing cars and motorcycles), and Malaysia Super League (Persatuan Bolasepak Malaysia). This animal symbolizes the bravery and strength of the Malaysians.
  • Tigers are the victims of poachers who work for people dealing with traditional folk medicine – it is one of the main factors causing the extermination of these beautiful predators.
Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

Recommended



DinoAnimals.com

Share This Article

Related News

Persian leopard – the largest leopard
Bald eagle – the national bird of the USA
Miniature Schnauzer – a loyal dog
Jaguarundi – eyra cat
Elephant birds – Madagascar giants
Verreaux’s eagle – black eagle
Steller’s sea eagle – the heaviest eagle
Hammerhead shark – fish with exceptional head
South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis)
Bernese mountain dog
Great Dane
Caracal – desert lynx (Caracal caracal)
Liger – the largest cat in the world
Humpback – the most lonesome whale
Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti)
Megamouth shark – deepwater shark
Anaconda – the world’s largest snake?
European, Eurasian cave lion
The largest (heaviest & longest) turtles – Top 10
Kiwi – flightless bird from New Zealand
Badger – omnivorous animal

About Author

DinoAnimals.com

The world of dinosaurs & animals

Leave A Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

DinoAnimals.com