AnimalsExtinctStudies

History of animals and plants extinction

History of extinction of animal and plant species

3rd millennium CE

21st century

2000s

  • 2000 – “Celia”, the last Pyrenean ibex, was found dead in 2000. However, in 2003, a female was cloned back into existence, but died shortly after birth due to defects in the lungs.
  • 2003 – The last individual from the St. Helena olive, which was grown in cultivation, dies off. The last plant in the wild had died in 1994.
  • 2006 – A technologically sophisticated survey of the Yangtze River failed to find specimens of the baiji dolphin, prompting scientists to declare it functionally extinct.
Iberian ibex, Spanish ibex, Spanish wild goat, Iberian wild goat (Capra pyrenaica)

2010s

  • 2011 – The Eastern cougar was declared extinct. Last known individual was trapped and killed in 1938. However, recent research suggests that the Eastern cougar was not a distinct subspecies from other North American subspecies of cougars. This research has suggested that there is only one subspecies, the North American cougar.
  • 2011 – The western black rhinoceros was declared extinct.
  • 2012 – The Japanese river otter (Lutra lutra whiteneyi) declared extinct by the country’s Ministry of the Environment, after not being seen for more than 30 years.
  • 2012 – “Lonesome George”, the last known specimen of the Pinta Island tortoise, died on 24 June 2012.
  • 2013 – The Cape Verde giant skink was declared extinct.
  • 2013 – The Formosan clouded leopard, previously endemic to the island of Taiwan, is officially declared extinct.
  • 2014 – The Bermuda saw-whet owl was declared extinct after being described from fossils in 2012.
  • 2016 – The Bramble Cay melomys was declared extinct.
  • 2018 – The last male Northern White Rhino died in captivity driving the species into certain extinction.
Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)

The list is based on http://dinoanimals.pl/zwierzeta/historia-wymierania-gatunkow-zwierzat-roslin/ and Wikipedia.


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